The main plaintiffs in the case against the distance rule, Green Party politicians Hans-Josef Fell and Patrick Friedl, called the verdict a "black day for climate protection in Bavaria".

"It has been made possible that with Bavaria, one of Germany's states in an isolated manner is saying goodbye to the Energiewende and is allowed to effectively stop the wind expansion," Fell said.

"Unfortunately, the necessary climate protection and the importance of wind power for the Energiewende didn't count for the court."