The €20m ($27.3m) European Commission-funded project, headed by Danish research institute DTU, is looking at the next generation of offshore turbine technologies — gigantic jacket-mounted and floating machines of up to 20MW — that will carry the industry out into the rich winds of the world’s deep waters, starting with the northern seas.

A follow-on from the 2006 Upwind project, which worked up a reference model for a best-in-class 5MW concept, Innwind is forecasting the future. It envisages 100-metre modular blades reading the wind with active flow control and adaptive ultra-light rotors, superconductive and “pseudo direct-drive” high-efficiency transmission systems, towering concrete and steel foundations and, far offshore, farms of moored hulls topped with 10MW two-bladed or vertical-axis turbines.