Plans by the US government to rapidly expand the build-out of offshore wind plant off the country’s Atlantic seaboard, a key element in President Joe Biden’s energy transition strategy, could face until-now largely unforeseen turbulence due to the knock-on impact turbines might have on the marine life in a unique swath of water stretching from Massachusetts to North Carolina.

New research carried out at Rutger University’s Science Center for Marine Fisheries (SCMF) suggests that an oceanographic feature known as the ‘cold pool’ – a “highly dynamic” layer of lower-temperature water lying just below the surface in the Mid-Atlantic Bight that is home to “some of the most lucrative fisheries in the world” – could be disrupted by wind farms’ “downstream impacts” during installation and operation.