Governments must act now to plug a 110GW “offshore wind gap” looming by 2030 on the path to the 2 terawatts needed by mid-decade to hit key climate goals, the UN’s high-level dialogue on energy has been warned.

A so-called energy compact – a multi-party commitment from key players in various sectors – calling for 380GW of offshore wind by 2030 has been backed by the International Energy Agency (Irena) at the talks currently underway in New York.