Saudi Arabia’s newly unveiled aspiration to hit net zero by 2060 while retaining its status as a global oil export powerhouse was slammed as energy transition “propaganda” by sceptics, even as the move was hailed as a breakthrough by some world leaders.

“We question the seriousness of this announcement, as it comes in parallel with plans for the kingdom to increase its oil production,” Greenpeace MENA campaigns manager Ahmad El Droubi said in a statement after Saudi Arabia's twin-track promise to clean up its own operations while keeping hydrocarbons flowing abroad.