The biggest fossil-fuel subsidisers

These comprehensive figures, compiled in 2013 by the International Monetary Fund, show the amount of petroleum, natural-gas, coal and fossil-fuel-electricity subsidies in 2011, including consumption and production subsidies, as well as externalities, such as the cost of climate change ($25 per tonne of carbon), pollution, traffic congestion, accidents and road damage. All figures in US dollars.

1 United States 502,137,390,000

2 China 279,480,451,000

3 Russia 116,256,840,000

4 Saudi Arabia 99,820,324,000

5 Iran 85,420,106,000

6 India 81,494,157,000

7 Japan 46,022,197,000

8 Indonesia 45,341,690,000

9 United Arab Emirates 33,596,288,800

10 Venezuela 32,892,198,600

11 Egypt 32,403,550,500

12 Mexico 27,576,633,000

13 Australia 26,502,896,000

14 Canada 26,384,745,000

15 Algeria 26,368,445,800

16 Germany 21,575,345,000

17 Malaysia 20,750,286,000

18 Ukraine 19,297,782,400

19 Kuwait 18,981,921,000

20 Iraq 18,485,513,200

21 South Africa 17,370,080,000

22 Korea 16,726,157,500

23 Thailand 16,339,161,000

24 Uzbekistan 14,802,311,700

25 Qatar 14,636,753,000

26 Kazakhstan 12,945,962,000

27 Pakistan 12,851,909,300

28 Argentina 12,837,700,800

29 United Kingdom 10,925,897,000

30 Poland 10,789,790,100

31 Taiwan 9,852,152,200

32 Nigeria 8,724,936,300

33 Turkmenistan 8,589,734,800

34 Bangladesh 7,943,721,500

35 Oman 7,860,598,000

36 Turkey 7,541,360,000

37 Italy 7,500,386,000

38 Chile 6,873,219,600

39 Ecuador 6,697,803,800

40 Spain 6,273,184,000

41 Vietnam 6,138,846,800

42 Brazil 5,049,142,000

43 France 4,685,574,000

44 Libya 4,507,338,110

45 Netherlands 3,945,092,000

46 Bahrain 3,838,103,000

47 Czech Republic 3,526,476,500

48 Lebanon 3,299,971,400

49 Azerbaijan 3,288,028,700

50 Singapore 3,190,699,200

51 Morocco 3,181,416,500

52 Yemen 3,175,091,400

53 Angola 2,974,461,100

54 New Zealand 2,954,479,100

55 Hong Kong 2,859,305,000

56 Jordan 2,804,893,600

57 Tunisia 2,616,574,900

58 Trinidad and Tobago 2,309,683,000

59 Luxembourg 2,207,002,600

60 Belarus 1,894,817,400

61 Ghana 1,869,953,800

62 Romania 1,835,227,800

63 Austria 1,746,234,500

64 Philippines 1,658,057,800

65 Sri Lanka 1,653,371,700

66 Zimbabwe 1,609,970,900

67 Greece 1,569,709,900

68 Israel 1,569,570,800

69 Belgium 1,544,597,500

70 Sudan 1,447,790,000

71 Brunei 1,376,218,700

72 Hungary 1,353,061,800

73 Bolivia 1,343,549,800

74 Bulgaria 1,308,705,100

75 Cameroon 1,269,337,500

76 Serbia 1,224,565,300

77 Colombia 1,221,069,900

78 Ireland 1,070,636,500

79 Finland 1,053,740,100

80 Zambia 952,078,070

81 Slovakia 950,785,400

82 Sweden 942,040,500

83 Peru 881,500,400

84 Denmark 858,849,000

85 Kyrgyzstan 836,767,900

86 Ivory Coast 805,316,800

87 Congo 684,512,700

88 Mozambique 680,946,600

89 Panama 678,662,500

90 Portugal 633,802,600

91 Bosnia 631,439,400

92 Estonia 625,265,300

93 Ethiopia 615,454,200

94 Tanzania 589,420,400

95 Myanmar 498,641,000

96 Guatemala 496,030,900

97 Norway 493,704,700

98 Switzerland 452,377,300

99 Slovenia 422,515,400

100 Mongolia 397,038,300

101 Senegal 386,981,200

102 Equatorial Guinea 367,405,500

103 Croatia 341,815,700

104 Botswana 303,626,800

105 DR Congo 296,467,600

106 Uganda 251,844,400

107 Kenya 231,219,900

108 Armenia 214,977,400

109 Lithuania 210,848,600

110 Tajikistan 193,813,800

111 Georgia 177,430,700

112 El Salvador 171,389,700

113 Benin 158,751,500

114 Dominican Republic 153,095,600

115 Latvia 146,415,600

116 Macedonia 145,601,000

117 Cyprus 144,822,200

118 Madagascar 138,045,600

119 Costa Rica 132,507,000

120 Gabon 127,525,500

121 Burkina Faso 124,585,500

122 Mali 120,806,900

123 Malawi 119,951,200

124 Moldova 116,710,100

125 Bahamas 109,164,000

126 Mauritania 103,023,500

127 Namibia 78,253,200

128 Honduras 75,230,600

129 Jamaica 65,179,200

130 Nepal 50,277,800

131 Cape Verde 48,869,300

132 Afghanistan 42,234,300

133 Maldives 29,763,200

134 Togo 26,452,600

135 Guyana 25,829,500

136 Rwanda 24,451,900

137 Lesotho 24,122,600

138 Niger 21,850,900

139 Bhutan 18,291,600

140 Barbados 18,109,200

141 Antigua and Barbuda 17,624,400

142 Iceland 15,498,800

143 Sierra Leone 13,152,000

144 St Lucia 10,112,900

145 St Kitts and Nevis 8,541,600

146 Grenada 7,885,000

147 Djibouti 7,206,800

148 Malta 6,470,300

149 Uruguay 6,375,700

150 St Vincent and

the Grenadines 5,715,400

151 Dominica 5,461,500

152 Fiji 5,048,800

153 Albania 2,991,400

154 Chad 1,772,600

155 São Tomé and Príncipe 1,467,100

156 Kosovo 1,166,300

157 Nicaragua 492,500

158 East Timor 287,400

159 Cambodia 179,100

160 Montenegro 78,900

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total 1,894,826,364,880

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