The United States had 61.11GW of operational wind installations representing $118bn investment at the end of 2013, about 5.7% of national installed electric generation capacity, according to the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA).
The US ranks second globally behind China with 91.42GW wind capacity, according to AWEA’s US Wind Industry Annual Market Report Year Ending 2013 released Thursday.
US developers installed 1.087GW of new capacity in 2013, the industry’s worst year since 396MW in 2004 and down 92% from 13.13GW in 2012.
“Most of us know the primary culprit behind the paradoxical market dynamics of the last couple of years - namely, the threatened expiration of the federal production tax credit (PTC), wind’s primary policy driver, and an extension that came too late to avoid damage to our industry,” AWEA says in the report’s introduction.
On the brighter side, the US ended 2013 with more than 12GW of new wind capacity under construction.
Wind was 31% of all new US installed generating capacity in 2009-13, according to the report. Wind generated 4.1% of the country’s electricity in 2013 versus coal 39%, gas 27.7%, nuclear 19.4%, conventional hydro 6.6% and 3.2% for other sources.
At the end of 2013, Texas led all states with 12.35GW of installed wind capacity followed by California, 5.82GW; Iowa, 5.17GW; Illinois, 3.56GW; Oregon, 3.15GW; Oklahoma, 3.13GW; Minnesota, 2.98GW; Kansas, 2.96GW, Washington, 2.81GW and Colorado 2.33GW.
In 2013, General Electric supplied 91.4% of US wind turbine installed and has remained the market leaders for the past 13 years. GE has 25.07GW of turbine generation capacity installed in the US followed by Vestas with 11.39GW, Siemens 8.59GW and Gamesa 3.92GW, according to the report.
At the end of last year, NextEra continued as the country’s leading wind capacity owner with 9.84GW, followed by Iberdrola, 5.44GW;, MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company, 3.75GW; EDPR, 3.42GW and E.ON, 2.72GW.