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These comprehensive figures, compiled in 2013 by the International Monetary Fund, show the amount of petroleum, natural-gas, coal and fossil-fuel-electricity subsidies in 2011, including consumption and production subsidies, as well as externalities, such as the cost of climate change ($25 per tonne of carbon), pollution, traffic congestion, accidents and road damage. All figures in US dollars.

The biggest fossil-fuel subsidisers

These comprehensive figures, compiled in 2013 by the International Monetary Fund, show the amount of petroleum, natural-gas, coal and fossil-fuel-electricity subsidies in 2011, including consumption and production subsidies, as well as externalities, such as the cost of climate change ($25 per tonne of carbon), pollution, traffic congestion, accidents and road damage. All figures in US dollars.

These comprehensive figures, compiled in 2013 by the International Monetary Fund, show the amount of petroleum, natural-gas, coal and fossil-fuel-electricity subsidies in 2011, including consumption and production subsidies, as well as externalities, such as the cost of climate change ($25 per tonne of carbon), pollution, traffic congestion, accidents and road damage. All figures in US dollars.