India could see 89GW of wind by 2020 with right support – study

India’s installed wind base could soar to 89.3GW by the end of the decade, if the country’s national and state governments back the renewable source with the right policies, says a new study.

The figure is the most optimistic scenario for 2020 outlined in the latest India Wind Energy Outlook, and compares to the 18GW currently in place in the country.

To achieve it, India will need to see measures such as a comprehensive renewable energy law, a uniform system of tariffs and significant improvements to the country’s grid, says the report – jointly released by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), the Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers’ Association (IWTMA) and World Institute of Sustainable Energy (WISE).

The study says a medium-growth scenario could see India reach 59.3GW by 2020, while the lowest-growth assumption is for 32.9GW.

Looking further ahead, the report says optimal conditions could see India with a 191.7GW wind base by 2030.

In the turbine supply sector, the report identifies 16 manufacturers with a consolidated annual production capacity of more than 9.5GW.

“The expectations are that at least four new companies could enter the Indian wind sector over the next couple of years,” says the report.

The India Wind Energy Outlook also notes early steps to assess India’s offshore wind resources and the potential for repowering the country’s existing onshore fleet.

GWEC secretary general Steve Sawyer says: “India’s wind power sector has a mature manufacturing industry, and enormous growth potential. Now we need to get the right policies in place both nationally and at state level for India to meet its target of 15% renewable electricity supply by 2020.

“Power shortages and energy security are both critical issues for India’s rapidly growing economy. Wind is already cost-competitive with heavily subsidised fossil fuel-based energy in several Indian states, and its competitive position will only improve over time.

“But we need effective national energy policy, coordination with states, investments in the grid, and policy stability for wind power to fulfil its potential in India,” Sawyer warns.